An English and Scottish surname, Kirkland comes from the Middle English term ‘kirk’ which means a church and ‘lund’ which mean land. The spelling variations for Kirkland include Kirtlan and Kirtland. In northern and central England are the larger numbers of individuals with the Kirkland surname. Most reside in Derbyshire, Staffordshire, Yorkshire, Lancashire, Nottinghamshire and Leicestershire. Across the central and southern regions of Scotland are many Kirkland families. The higher percentage live in Lanarkshire and Ayrshire counties. Within the United States the early Kirkland families settled in South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, New York Mississippi and Texas. Famous: Jessica Kirkland (professional tennis player), Joseph Kirkland (novelist), Lorenzo “Levon: Kirkland (professional football player), Sally Kirkland (movie film and television actress), Willies Charles Kirkland (professional baseball player), Graeme Kirkland (music composer, musician and music producer), Douglas Kirkland (famed celebrity portrait photographer for Look and later Life magazines), Caroline Kirkland (19th century novelist) and Alexander Kirkland (movie film actor and screenwriter in Hollywood’s early years).