A German surname, Lehmann comes the Middle High German terms ‘lehen’, ’lehenen’ and ‘leheman’ which refers to feudal landownership and a lender. The Lehmann name was associated with those who were bankers or pawnbrokers. A spelling variation for Lehmann is Lemann. In England many Lehmann families lived in the city of London, Middlesex, Nottinghamshire, Essex, Yorkshire, Lancashire, Herefordshire, Berkshire and Somerset counties. The Scottish counties of Lanarkshire and Midlothian had many with the Lehmann surname. Within the United States the Lehmann surname is in New York, Wisconsin, Illinois, New Jersey, Michigan, Texas, California and Ohio. Famous: Ernst A. Lehmann (a pilot of German airships and who died when the Hindenburg burned in 1937), Beatrix Lehmann (an English actress), John Lehmann (an English poet), Thomas Lehmann (a designer of board games), Michael Lehmann (a movie film and television director), Rosamond Lehmann (a novelist from England), Lotte Lehmann (a renown singer from Germany) and Jacob H. Lehmann (a 19th century astronomer from Germany).