An English and Dutch surname, Stout comes from the Old English term ‘stow’ which can refer to a holy place or location. There was also the Middle English term ‘stout’ which referred to a powerful and strong man. The spelling variations for Stout include Stoue, Stow and Stowe. In England the earliest Stout families settled in Cambridgeshire. Over the years a growing number with the Stout surname resided in Lincolnshire, Suffolk, Norfolk, Essex, Gloucestershire and Shropshire counties. In Scotland the Stout families are very common on the eastern islands of Orkney and Shetland. There are Stout families also concentrated in Lanarkshire and Midlothian counties. Within the United States the original Stout families lived in Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York, California, New Jersey, Ohio, Illinois, North Carolina, Kentucky and Alabama. Famous: James Stout (champion horse racing jockey), Bill Stout (English journalist), Robert Stout (Premier of New Zealand), Alan Stout (classical music composer), Chris Stout (a violin player from Shetland Islands), Ryan Stout (comic), Sigurd the Stout (the 10th century Earl of Orkney), William Stout (illustrator), Pete Stout (professional football player) and Kristie Lu Stout (new anchor and journalist).