Line of Succession To The British Throne - 2022

Imperial State Crown from Wikipedia

Queen Elizabeth II died in 2022. According to Wikipedia, the crown is inherited by a sovereign’s children or by a childless sovereign nearest the collateral line.

The current line of succession to the British Throne is limited to the descendants of the sons of George V, Charles III’s great-grandfather. The official Royal.UK website provides a list of those who are part of the line of succession. After Queen Elizabeth II died, her eldest son became King Charles III. He was born in 1948. The rest of the line of successions is as follows:

1 The Prince of Wales (William, born 1982 – Eldest son of King Charles III)

2 Prince George of Wales (born 2013 – eldest son of William, Prince of Wales)

3 Princess Charlotte of Wales (born 2015 – daughter of William, Prince of Wales)

4 Prince Louis of Wales (born 2018 – youngest son of William, Prince of Wales)

5 Prince Harry – The Duke of Sussex (born 1984 – youngest son of King Charles III)

6 Master Archie Mountbatten-Windsor (born 2019 – eldest son of Prince Harry)

7 Miss Lilibet Mountenbatten-Windsor (born 2021 – daughter of Prince Harry)

8 Prince Andrew – The Duke of York (born 1960 – second son of Queen Elizabeth II)

9 Princess Beatrice, Mrs. Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi (born 1988 – daughter of Prince Andrew)

10 Miss Sienna Mapelli Mozzi (born 2021- daughter of Princess Beatrice)

11 Princess Eugenie, Mrs. Jack Brooksbank – (born 1990 – second daughter of Prince Andrew)

12 Master August Brooksbank – (born 2021 – son of Princess Eugenie)

13 Prince Edward – Earl of Wessex and Forfar (born 1964 – youngest son of Queen Elizabeth II)

14 James Mountbatten-Windsor – Viscount Severn (born 2007 – younger child of Prince Edward)

15 The Lady Louise Mountbatten -Windsor (born 2003 – elder child of Prince Edward)

16. Anne, The Princess Royal (born 1950 – second child and only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II)

17 Mr. Peter Phillips (born 1977 – son of Anne, Princess Royal)

18 Miss Savannah Phillips (born 2010 – first child of Mr. Peter Phillips)

19 Miss Isla Phillips (born 2012 – second child or Mr. Peter Phillips)

20 Zara Anne Elizabeth Tindall – Mrs. Michael Tindall (born 1981 – daughter of Anne, Princess Royal)

21 Miss Mia Tindall (born 2014 – daughter of Zara Anne Elizabeth Tindall)

22 Miss Lena Tindall (born 2018 – daughter of Zara Anne Elizabeth Tindall)

23 Master Lucas Tindall (born 2021 – son of Zara Anne Elizabeth Tindall)

The Royal UK website has some information about various changes made to the line of succession. When James II fled the country in 1688, Parliament held that he had ‘abdicated the government’ and that the throne was vacant. The throne was then offered, not to James’s younger son, but to his daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange, as joint rulers.

It therefore came to be established not only that the Sovereign rules through Parliament, but that the succession to the throne can be regulated by Parliament, and that a Sovereign can be deprived of his/her title through misgovernment. The Act of Settlement was confirmed that it was for Parliament to determine the title to the throne.

Parliament, under the Bill of Rights and the Act of Settlement, also laid down various conditions which the Sovereign must meet. A Roman Catholic is specifically excluded from succession to the throne.

The Sovereign must, in addition to be in communion with the Church of England and must swear to preserve the established Church of England and the established Church of Scotland. The Sovereign must also promise to uphold the Protestant succession.

The Succession to the Crown Act (2013) amended the provisions of the Bill of Rights and the Act of Settlement to end the system of male primogeniture, under which a younger son can displace an elder daughter in the line of succession. The Act applies to those born after 28 October 2011. The Act also ended the provisions by which those who marry Roman Catholics are disqualified from the line of succession. The changes came into force in all sixteen Realms in March 2015.

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