An English surname, Bartlett comes from the Middle English term of ‘bartlet’ which means owner of rich land. The spelling variations for Bartlett include Bartelot, Bartlette, Bartlet, and Bartolet. In England the earliest Bartlett families were in Sussex in the southern end of England. The Bartlett families spread across the southern counties into Kent, Devon, Hampshire, Somerset, Dorset and the city of London. There are some lesser numbers of Bartletts into the central and northern English regions. In Scotland the Bartlett families were primarily living in Aberdeenshire, Fife, Midlothian and Lanarkshire counties. Within the United States the Bartlett surname started in New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Maine, Connecticut, Ohio, Georgia and Texas. Famous: John Bartlett (publisher of Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations in 1855), Robert A. Bartlett (Canadian explorer of the Arctic in the early 20th century), Bonnie Bartlett (movie film and television actress), David Bartlett (Premier of the Island of Tasmania in Australia), Earl Bartlett (professional football player), Joseph J. Bartlett (Civil War Union General) and Neil Bartlett (English director, actor and playwright).